I was hooked by the very first track of the first disc: the Prestissimo movement of Sonata I in C (Book One). 1710 At the beginning of the eighteenth century, churches and the royal courts weren’t the only patrons of music, which also flourished among the middle classes in almost all of Europe’s musical strongholds. 1703 In February, the cantata Gott ist mein König (‘God is my King’, BWV 71) was first performed to mark the inauguration of the new town council. In March, Bach took charge of Schott’sches Collegium Musicum. When Mozart found the Clavier, he reportedly remarked: “Here is something I can learn from.” To understand Bach’s contribution, one must understand counterpoint. Within a year, though, his cancer returned. A few years later, Bach gave a number of recitals at the royal court in Weissenfels, which enjoyed an excellent reputation far and wide for the high quality of its musical performances. This is the composition of two melodies played at … The sessions came during a period when Mr. Serkin thought — or dared to hope — that his cancer was in remission. The younger Bach was especially known for his elegant, inventive keyboard works, which include some 150 sonatas. The hypothesis that the cantata had been written for Georg Ernst von Stahl is backed up by his biographical data. A mentor to Mr. Serkin, he was to have taken part in the recording project, offering regular feedback. 1750 In the first two the same choirs are used several times, harmonized, however, always in a different way and sometimes even superimposed on the arias, such as, for example, in Johannes Passion in the air for Basso “Mein Teurer Heiland”, where the two independent compositions form a set of stunning intensity, as only Bach could have achieved. J.S. Bach joined Duke Johann Ernst III’s private orchestra in Weimar for about half a year as a violinist, and may have worked as an assistant to court organist Johann Effler. Bach’s relationship with his former employer, Prince Leopold, remained intact. In June, Bach was appointed a chamber musician and organist at the court of Dukes Wilhelm Ernst and Ernst August of Saxe-Weimar. Among the foremost musical institutions were the Collegia Musica – societies at which mainly amateur musicians regularly gave private and public recitals. It was Mr. Krystall who finally starting insisting on regular breaks. On 17 October he married his second cousin Maria Barbara in the church in Dornheim (near Arnstadt). Here’s why: 1. Bach also wrote numerous choral works. Working with the Collegium Musicum proved to be especially important regarding Bach’s clavier compositions. An example is the first aria from the Christmas Oratorio, Bereite dich, Zion , which, although it has nothing to do with snakes, has a very snake-like obbligato part. They are unusual in being totally solo with no accompaniment of any kind; the most famous movement from the Bach sonatas and partitas is the Chaconne that concludes the Partita No. The amount of alcohol is drastically lower so it can therefore be administered to animals without any risk. Unlike many other composers, J. S. Bach did not make much effort to preserve his music, and as a result, much of it is lost. A dispute broke out between Bach and Johann Gottlieb Görner, the director of music at the University of Leipzig, over the division of responsibilities for music performed at St Paul’s Church. Later on, he was appointed organist at the New Church. Bach stayed with Dietrich Buxtehude in Lübeck for a few months. Some passages are rich with milky colorings. Betwwen 25 December and 6 January, the six parts making up the Christmas Oratorio (BWV 248) were first performed in public. It is said that Bach was unhappy with the composition of this first concerto. Mr. Serkin plays with pristine clarity, but not overly so. He came of age at the end of the Baroque period and lived into the Classical age of Haydn and Mozart. His resignation was refused and he was imprisoned for a month for disobedience. His composition of songs brought him into contact with F.W. Together with his brother Johann Jakob and also his cousin Johann Ernst, Bach attended the grammar school, at that time a very prestigious educational establishment in the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha. Bach’s mother Elisabeth died in May. It qualifies, the musicologist Peter Laki writes in the liner notes, as one of Bach’s “modulating rondos.” There are moments when it’s impossible to guess where the music is heading. Four months before he died, Mr. Serkin wrote to me with regrets about putting off a meeting we had planned. Johann Sebastian Bach had a prestigious musical lineage and took on various organist positions during the early 18th century, creating famous compositions like "Toccata … During the 18th century, if you mentioned Bach, most people assumed you were referring to Emanuel (1714-88), whose renown in that period eclipsed that of his father (1685-1750). He, too, was destined to become a musician, but whether he was also a composer is unknown. 1723 “Peter was always a workaholic,” Mr. Krystall said. in longer notes towards the end of the first … The Collegium Musicum, which Bach took charge of in 1729, had previously been headed by Georg Balthasar Schott, formerly the organist at Neukirche (‘New Church’) in Leipzig. 1729 He remained there until 1717, composing numerous works for the organ and harpsichord as well as more than thirty cantatas. But the “Kenner und Liebhaber” works demonstrate Bach embracing the stylistic flux of his time with authority — and a touch of the maverick. It was the only time when Bach was still alive that he was mentioned on the front page of a newspaper when an unknown editor of Berlinische Nachrichten reported on Bach’s evening arrival, the welcome extended by the king, Bach’s performance »on the so-called forte and piano«, and finally the king challenging Bach to improvise a fugue off the cuff on a given theme – a great moment in the history of music which led to Bach’s famous anthology of canons and fugues known as The Musical Offering. A few years ago, the list of candidates was augmented by a previously overlooked figure: Georg Ernst von Stahl from Berlin, a personal physician and court counsellor, who had previously been regarded as a friend and supporter of Bach’s sons Wilhelm Friedemann and Carl Philipp Emanuel rather than a patron of Bach himself. Day after day during the recording sessions, he did take after take, hour after hour. In June, Bach became the organist at St Blasius’s Church in Mühlhausen. An abbreviated version of that second edition, known as BWV2a, was published in 1998. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_compositions_by_Johann_Sebastian_Bach Although Bach was able to see again for a short time, he suffered a stroke and died shortly afterwards on 28 July in 1750. Mr. Serkin brings crispness and comedic flair to his scintillating account. Bach's family. This selection gives you an beautiful impression of the first volume of the J.S. 1685 The St John Passion (BWV 245) was performed for the first time on 7 April. Johann Christoph Graupner, at that time kapellmeister in Darmstadt, was chosen in the second round, but failed to be released by his employer. 71, Gott ist mein König (God Is My King), of February 4, 1708, was printed at the expense of the city council and was the first of Bach’s compositions to be published. Bach’s first Leipzig cantata cycle has survived almost in its entirety, but the identities of the librettists are largely unknown. For it, Bach used a technique already employed by Johann Schelle, one of his predecessors at St Thomas’s: each cantata was based on a well-known Protestant chorale, which was elaborately arranged in the opening chorale and performed unaltered in the closing chorale. Possibly … When you bridge eras, it’s easy to slip into the divide. Even on bad days, he added, “I am smiling more than usually, more genuinely, and more since being sick, I think.” He was listening to music, Thomas Tallis and Stravinsky, and “looking at Bach.”, That, of course, included Emanuel. 1720 Marpurg, the leading Berlin music critic. The Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis is a catalogue of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach. Email info(at)bach-leipzig.de. 1715 Mr. Serkin, shown in 2016, was “always a workaholic,” a friend said. Bach’s cantatas (nearly 200 sacred and a good handful of secular ones survive) are … 1735 Wilhelm Friedemann, Bach’s eldest son, was born on 22 November. was the son of a famous musician: Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach underwent eye surgery by the famous yet controversial ophthalmologist Sir John Taylor, who stayed in Leipzig from 4 to 7 April in 1750. Fax +49 341 9137-105 +49 341 9137-0 1695 1733 His father probably taught him to play the violin and harpsichord, and his brother Johann Christoph Bach taught him the clavichord and exposed him to much of the contemporary music. In the middle sections, the original chorale underwent strong musical and textual variations and took the form of arias and recitatives, combining the traditional chorale cantata with the modern cantata form reflecting the Italian opera. Wilhelm Friedemann Bach was born on 22 November 1710 and was the eldest son of Johann Sebastian Bach. He asked for a note to be included in the packages: “In affectionate friendship and with love — Peter.”, A Pianist’s Final Message: Overlooked Works by a Son of Bach. The Concerto No. Bach’s health deteriorated. Beethoven's first composition There’s some speculation about when the young composer started setting his ideas on paper, but the only piece to date from as early as 1782 is a set of nine variations for piano. J.S. He was inspired by Violin Concerto BWV 1041, transcribed into a lower key in order to adapt to the harpsichord’s tonality. While at Mühlhausen, Bach copied music to enlarge the choir library, tried to encourage music in the surrounding villages, and was in sufficient favour to be able to interest his employers in a scheme for rebuilding the organ (February … Bach was especially known for his elegant, inventive keyboard works, which include some 150 sonatas. most of Bach's compositions were meant to be performed in church, the program will be held at the 400‐seat Lutheran Church of the Epiphany in Hempstead May 18 and 19 at 8:30 P.M. Alongside music by contemporary composers, Bach also performed plenty of his own compositions, including the Orchestral Suites (BWV 1066–68) as well as his violin and harpsichord concertos (BWV 1041–43, BWV 1052–58). As associate first horn in the U. S. Army Band (1962-1965), Jan had the honor of playing for President John F. Kennedy's funeral. Mr. Laki writes that Bach was known as the father of the “empfindsamer Stil” (“sensitive style”), exemplified by the tender, soft-spoken an Andante of Sonata III in B minor (Book One), a short movement that serves, in effect, as a transition to the sonata’s sublime finale. Bach used this technique so consistently that any composition that did not adhere to it could be identified as being derived from an earlier work. C.P.E. Bach was born in 1685 in Eisenach, in the duchy of Saxe-Eisenach, into an extensive musical family. He suffered from a serious eye condition as well as motor problems in his right arm and his writing hand. Bach’s father, Johann Ambrosius Bach, died on 20 February. Minuet in G major 2. Disagreement emerged between Bach and Johann August Ernesti, the rector of St Thomas’s School, over who had the power to appoint choir prefects. The day before he died, he sent his last editing requests to Mr. Krystall, along with a mailing list of friends he wanted the recording sent to. Apparently on his own initiative, Bach attended St. Michael's School in Lüneburgfor two years. Bach’s duties as cantor of St Thomas’s included the weekly performance of cantatas at church services on Sundays and feast days. The recipient of this work was thought to have been one of Bach’s Leipzig patrons – but who exactly? Mr. Serkin especially loved the six books of sonatas, rondos and fantasias — 37 pieces in all — that Emanuel Bach, as he was often known, collected and published for “Kenner und Liebhaber” (“Connoisseurs and Amateurs”), as the volumes were titled. So let us look at the number symbolism of Vor deinen thron in detail. In the years to come, Bach was commissioned to write more music for the inauguration ceremonies of Mühlhausen town council, which can be taken as a sign of his good relations with this Free Imperial City in the Holy Roman Empire. Initially, Georg Philipp Telemann was picked by the town council to be his successor, but he refused when offered a pay rise in Hamburg. That same month, he travelled to Leipzig, his future home, in order to inspect the organ at St Paul’s Church. It was for one of these ‘extraordinary’ concerts that Bach composed his famous Kaffee-Kantate (‘Coffee Cantata’, BWV 211), an obvious allusion to the Collegium Musicum’s usual venue. “I never saw anybody with that kind of stamina.”. The St Mark Passion (BWV 247) was performed on 23 March for the very first time. The santus was composed in 1724, other movements were completed in 1733, and in the last years of his life Bach completed it with new numbers. 1714 1709 When he died in February, Peter Serkin was putting the final edits on his recording of a trove of pieces by C.P.E. Incidentally, the organ at St Blasius’s was reconstructed in the 1950s at the instigation of Albert Schweitzer based on Bach’s specification drawn up in 1708. Christoph Friedrich Bach was born on 21 June. Johann Christian Bach, the youngest son of Johann Sebastian Bach, was born in 1735 in Leipzig. Rehearsals and weekly concerts were held there, including open-air performances in the summer. 1730 Gjon Mili/The LIFE Picture Collection, via Getty Images. In contrast to previous assumptions, Bach must have possessed extraordinary musical and performance abilities when he was just thirteen, for the copies found in Weimar which he produced as a schoolboy in Lüneburg and Ohrdruf include two of the most difficult organ compositions of his day. As with many things in Bach's life, family was everything. In February, Bach was appointed cantor of St Thomas’s Church in Leipzig. Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach on 21 March. Johann Christian Bach was born on 5 September. 7 in G Minor was probably Bach’s first attempt at writing a full concerto for the harpsichord. And there are hurtling, jagged moments when Mr. Serkin has the music sounding almost improvised. 1700–02 He had endured a grueling year of treatments and surgery, but had come through, felt better, and started performing again. It was first published in 1950, edited by Wolfgang Schmieder. 1741 Named a UNESCO heritage in 2015, the Mass in B minor is one of the greatest compositions of the Cantor of Leipzig. If the renown he enjoyed during his lifetime did not carry over into the 20th century, that may have been because he was perceived as a transitional figure. Bach was a member of the so-called “first Berlin lied school,” founded by Christian Gottfried Krause, although his writing of songs was a only minor focal point during his career. J.S. 1702 Bach visited Frederick II in Potsdam and Berlin. After grad… None [force assignment] Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec's: 2 volumes Book I 1. Even within a genre compositions are not necessarily collated … 1725–27 Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. The exact cause of her death is nowadays unknown. Newly released by Vivace Records, it was his final recording project before he died in February, at 72, of pancreatic cancer. “Peter was in tears,” Mr. Krystall said. The catalogue groups compositions by genre. That these pieces were so little known baffled Mr. Serkin. Bach. 1734–35 In 1729, Bach was appointed Royal Kapellmeister of Saxe-Weissenfels by the Elector of Weissenfels – a position he was entitled to exercise without having to relocate. Bach became the new cantor and ‘director musices’ of Leipzig with effect from 1 June. And when sheet music that seemed to fit the bill was examined in the year 2000, a figure 5 that had been subsequently added in Indian ink was indeed found on the original set of parts for the wedding cantata ‘O lovely day, o hoped-for time’. The others answers are corrects. Bach’s first Leipzig cantata cycle has survived almost in its entirety, but the identities of the librettists are largely unknown. 1717 Johann Christoph Friedrich, known as the »Bückeburg Bach«, was born in Leipzig on 21 June 1732. both 14 and 41 represented Bach’s name to himself, and therefore also to us. In a recent interview, Marty Krystall, a friend of Mr. Serkin and Vivace’s founder, said that even as Mr. Serkin’s health deteriorated, he remained immersed in the intricate editing of these Bach discs, right into the final week of his life. J.S. 1748 1721 With the exception of a few older compositions from Bach’s Weimar period, the cantatas from the first Leipzig cycle were all newly written compositions. 1747 1749 Yet in less than five minutes, the piece lives up to its title, with fantastical episodes, sometimes dark-hued and ominous. In November, after repeated requests, Bach was appointed Composer to the Electoral Saxon and Royal Polish Court, strengthening his hand in the dispute over his powers with the authorities in Leipzig. Johann Bach's love of music and dedication to practice began to pay off. For a long time, hardly anything was known about the history of this congratulatory cantata; even the date was only roughly estimated at 1738–41. “Just beside himself.” The album is dedicated to Mr. Neidlinger. But over eight days in March 2018, Mr. Serkin sat down and recorded the complete “Kenner und Liebhaber,” nearly five hours of music. Bach’s first biographer. J.S. However, it is proved that when Bach went at Lübeck in 1707/1708 to meet Buxtehude, he carries a lot of composition with him … He retained many memories of his childhood in Eisenach throughout his life, including the family home (which also contained rooms for trainee musicians), the traditional grammar school with its choir in the old Dominican monastery, St George’s Church and its organ, and the town hall, where brass musicians performed from the tower. Evidence of a personal acquaintanceship between Bach and his colleague Telemann working in the nearby town of Eisenach is contained in correspondence between Bach’s son Carl Philipp Emanuel and Johann Nikolaus Forkel, a scholar from Göttingen, who became J.S. 1693–95 No. Sonatas and Partitas for Solo Violin, six compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach that date from the early 18th century. ??? 2 in D Minor, BWV 1004. Now an orphan, Bach moved to Ohrdruf, where he lived with his brother Johann Christoph, fourteen years his senior and the organist at St Michael’s Church. According to his son Carl Philipp Emanuel, Bach wrote five annual cantata cycles, although just under three have come down to us. Minuet in G minor 3. Cantata No. On 11 May, Bach’s son Johann Gottfried Bernhard Bach was born. It was published posthumously in 1751, and in that first edition, the editors added Bach’s final composition, his short Chorale Prelude Before The … With the exception of a few older compositions from Bach’s Weimar period, the cantatas from the first Leipzig cycle were all newly written compositions. When Bach returned from a trip to Karlovy Vary accompanying the prince, he learned that his wife Maria Barbara had perished after a short illness and already been buried. Mr. Serkin’s interest in this Bach began early in his career, when he read Emanuel’s influential treatise “On the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments.” Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Chopin and Brahms all “loved and had keen interest in C.P.E. The house where the three Bach brothers lived was later burned down during a large fire in 1753. He enriched established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. It was based at Café Zimmermann, one of the largest and most popular coffeehouses in town. Bach was at the forefront of writing three-movement sonatas, most of them following the fast-slow-fast format that took hold. On special occasions such as birthdays and name days, additional recitals were organized to which Bach contributed several secular cantatas. Bach successfully applied for the position of organist in Sangerhausen. 1705/06 Accordingly, J.S. In the second half of the eighteenth century, J. S. Bach's second-eldest son was actually better known than his father. Bach composed his famous Toccata and Fugue in D minor (BWV 565) and his first cantatas while in Mühlhausen, but quickly outgrew the musical resources of the town. Despite having left Köthen, he was still allowed to use the title of Royal Kapellmeister and was commissioned to write a cantata every year in honour of the prince’s birthday. Many members of the Bach family lived and worked in Arnstadt between 1620 and 1792. An auction catalogue indexing Georg Ernst von Stahl’s estate mentioned not just numerous pieces of sheet music but also rather vaguely »a cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach«, designated as lot number 5. Bach Festival A total of seventeen family members were born there, while eight got married and twenty-five were buried in the town. The young Bach’s musical abilities were long a matter of speculation as there were far too few authoritative sources about his early years. But given the findings outlined above, and bearing in mind that the German word for steel is ‘Stahl’, it can be interpreted as a veiled allusion to the cantata’s recipient. Minuet in G minor 7. However, the job was given to another candidate after all when the regional duke personally intervened. Peter Serkin had a lifelong fascination with the piano works of Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach. 1731 1713 1708 Bach’s third annual cantata cycle was written. Word of his musical abilities spread quickly. Bach completed his Mass in B minor (BWV 232) – a Missa tota (complete mass). The closeness of their relationship is borne out by the fact that in 1714, Telemann (who by this time was working in Frankfurt) attended Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach’s christening and became his godfather. 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