Known as wax begonias or bedding begonias, annual begonia plants (Begonia semperflorens) grow quickly and easily fill in spaces in the garden that will benefit from attractive foliage and frilly flowers. Some shrublike begonias have soft feltlike hairs covering the stems and leaves. They are noted for their beautiful foliage. Tuberous begonias are frequently used as container plants. This series of cascading Begonias comes in a wide range of colours. Pink flowers appear from spring through autumn. Don’t let the roots touch the water. Grow begonias in peat-feee, multi-purpose compost in dappled sunshine to partial shade. It has large puckered and yellow-green leaves; a chocolate pattern on the leaves resembles a Maltese cross. Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox! 1986. Water to soak the soil; allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Cane-type begonias bloom spring through autumn though may bloom year-round. These crystals are irritants and can cause inflammation of the mouth and throat when ingested. Tuberous begonias are among the most dramatic of all begonias, bearing large, double flowers that are sometimes delightfully fragrant. Color and characteristics of popular types: Wax begonias have succulent stems; shiny, rounded, green or reddish-brown leaves and grow in a mounded habit. Begonia) belongs to the begonia family, the genus begonia, is used to decorate garden plots, squares and parks. Types begonias with decorative leaves. Their leaves can be damaged when exposed to direct sunlight. Feed begonias regularly with liquid all-purpose indoor plant food. The rex begonia is a native of Southeast Asia. Begonias can be propagated by seed, division, or leaf cuttings. Propagation by cuttings is done by obtaining a leaf, removing some veins on the underside, and placing them on a moist media such as sand (7). To avoid this, watering should be done regularly once the top inch soil is nearly dry (6). There are more than 1,000 species of begonias. Begonias of the semperflorens group (or wax begonias) are frequently grown as bedding plants outdoors. Begonia ‘Sophie Cecile’ has large, deeply cut, glossy green leaves splashed with silver. Begonia Soil and Water Needs. In the wild, they can either grow in stems, rhizomes, or in tubers. Begonia is a large and diverse group. Waxy white flowers appear in spring. Begonia ‘Orange Rubra’ grows to 4 feet (1.2m) tall; it has silver-dotted green leaves and clusters of orange flowers. Rodale Press. We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. General Care: Pinch back leggy stems and deadhead spent flowers to keep your begonias in top shape. The is a large group of outdoor growing begonias. Most varieties grow best in a mild temperature range, between 15°C and 26°C, though tuberous begonias need it a little cooler to perform at their best. PP 551-557. Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Merry Christmas’ has green and rose red leaves with silver highlights. 2011. Get the best gardening tips straight into your inbox! Tuberous Begonia (Begonia × tuberhybrida), Begonia as a Culinary and Medicinal Plant, Epiphyllum (Orchid Cactus): Types, How to Grow and Care, 10 Best Flowers and Plants That Rabbits Won’t Eat, Echeveria pulvinata (Chenille Plant): How To Grow and Care, How To Grow and Care for Katuk (Sauropus androgynus), Top 8 Heat-Resistant Flowering Plants You Can Grow. They frequently have large leaves (up to 6 inches long) that are brightly colored in various shades of green, red, silver, and even purple. These plants are grown from rhizomes. Water regularly and feed weekly with a high potash fertiliser like tomato feed. Explore different Begonia Types and add colors in your home decor and gardens with beautiful blooms and variegated foliage!. The more than 1,000 species of begonia are part of a complicated classification system based on flowers, method of propagation and leaves. Begonias also love high humidity. Flowers appear on erect stems above the foliage. These begonias are grown mostly as bedding plants and annuals but are really a perennial shrub type of begonia in areas that don't freeze. Required fields are marked *. Dragon Wing Begonias. et al. In general, begonia plants can be placed in sunny areas with indirect light (6). Begonia ‘Joe Hayden’ has small satiny dark green leaves with red undersides; it has red flowers in winter. It’s a houseplant that is likely to turn heads in your home, and thankfully it isn’t too difficult to care for. Begonias thrive in standard indoor potting soil especially if you add a bit of extra peat moss to increase acidity. 2007. Among the various types of begonias, the Begonia rex are some of the most beautiful and stunning plants. Different Types of Begonias. They are pantropic plants which means they are found naturally in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, except Australia (1). Discover the 12 types of begonias you can get for your gardens. PP 39-41. Since begonia plants are susceptible to root rot, it is important to use well-draining potting/growing media. Ideal begonia care requires well-drained soil that has been amended by the addition of organic matter, such as compost and peat moss. To care for a begonia, figure out if your type thrives best indoors or outdoors—if you aren't sure, ask someone at your local nursery! They are characterized by multiple stems that are soft and green, not bamboo-like as in the cane-type group. They should be kept in temperatures ranging from 75-85oF (23-29oC). Begonia solananthera has glossy light green leaves and fragrant flowers with red centers. Begonias flower year-round, except some tuberous species (1). Variegated begonias need partial exposure to the sun to maintain the color devel… “Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants.” Vol 7. “The Complete Guide to Growing Windowsill Plants: Everything You Need to Know Explained Simply”. ‘Helix’ has spiraled leaves. Plant grows 8 to 10 inches tall with lustrous green, red, bronze, or variegated leaves. Begonia maculata has olive color leaves with white dots, crimson-colored undersides, red and white flowers. Angel wing: Also known as cane begonia, this type has long stems with "joints" on them. Begonia ‘Irene Ness’ has large dark green leaves with drooping clusters of fragrant coral pink flowers; blooms from mid-spring to mid-winter. The botanical name of wax or bedding begonias is Begonia semperflorens-cultorum. Make sure the soil is rich, fertile, and well-draining, since begonias are susceptible to root rot. All do well under artificial light, needing 14-light hours daily. (1) Hvoslef-Eide A.K., Munster C. “Begonia”. It will require regular water when the soil is dry to the touch, and it prefers to grow in full shade to partial sun. Simon and Schuster. This group is popular for its spectacular rose-like flowers that come in bold pastel colors. ‘Lucerna’ prefers strong light. They do best in situations with shade or morning sun/afternoon shade. This plant is susceptible to fungal infections, mainly bacterial leaf spot. Begonia ‘Richmondensis’ grow to 2 feet tall. Begonia care: how to care for your begonia. Begonia (Million Kisses Series) ‘Yadev’= Devotion AGM: features slender, sharply pointed green leaves, neatly edged in pale pink, and bright velvety red, pendulous flowers held on pink stems. B.e. Begonia ‘Lucerna’ is a tall, easy-to-grow plant; it produces rose-red flowers in … Springer Science and Business Media. Flowers appear in shades of pink, red, white, and peach. Within the rhizomatous and cane type begonias, growing requirements – particularly with regard to levels of sun exposure – will vary. P 112. (6) Murphy D.M. This type of begonia grows to a height between 6 and 12 inches with a width spanning between 18 and 24 inches. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases (at no extra cost to you). Begonias have gained much popularity because of the striking foliage and equally amazing flowers. Pink flowers bloom from winter through early spring. The choice of the type of begonia if we want it to grow indoors is important. This group of begonias can trail or be trained upright. Begonia is a genus and common name of flowering plants from the family Begoniaceae. (3) Lim T.K. There are hundreds of begonia species and varieties. Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Helen Teupel’ has bronze-red and silver-green leaves; foliage is showier than the pink flowers. Begonias are annuals or tender perennials that need filtered shade and rich, fast-draining soil. Sometimes called painted-leaf begonias or fancy-leaf begonias, these plants are known for their showy, sometimes jaw-dropping leaf coloration. Below are just some of the types of begonias people choose for their home or office. Plants require high humidity, about 50 to 60 percent. This plant bears profuse clusters of rose-pink flowers in spring and summer. Plants grow to 18 inches (46cm) in length. 1996. Some begonias are grown just for the fantastic color and shape of their foliage and either do not flower or the flower is unremarkable. Begonia plants have distinct foliage. Penn. Thank you for your support! Cane Begonias This group includes begonias once classified as “angel wings” so named for their paired leaves that resemble extended wings. PP 106-112. Cut rangy stems back to 4-inch (10cm) stubs. Rhizomatous Begonias are herbaceous plants cultivated mainly for their foliage. *Photo by [email protected]/depositphotos. Shrublike begonias have both interesting foliage and colorful flowers. Plants need indirect light in summer; avoid direct sunlight. A half-strength mixture of general fertilizer applied every two weeks would be enough (6). Some species, such as wax begonias, can tolerate direct sunlight, but some, like tuberous begonias, prefer more shade. Ornamental begonias can be foliage or flowering and are categorized in the following groups based on their root structure. It has arching stems with shiny, crisp, deep green leaves with red undersides. If you think you know what begonias look like, think again! Find out which species your begonia belongs to. Tuberous begonias are known to have edible leaves and flowers. Some species, such as wax begonias, can tolerate direct sunlight, but some, like tuberous begonias, prefer more shade. Begonia ‘Ellen Dee’ has green leaves and orange flowers. Begonias are believed to have originated in Brazil, but some are also found earlier in Mexico and even China. Some Tuberous Begonia you might like: Dragon Wing series, Hanging Basket series. In general, begonia plants can be placed in sunny areas with indirect light (6). They like humidity and warmth, but can’t tolerate extreme heat, dryness or frost. Flowers are about 2 inches (5cm) across; they appear spring through winter. In India, one species of Begonia, B. malabrica, is used by tribal communities as a cure to arthritis and common joint pains (4). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Begonia blancii Begonia blancii variegata Begonia bowerae Begonia brevirimosa Begonia carolineifolia Begonia chloroneura Begonia crassicaulis Begonia dichotoma Begonia dregei Begonia emeiensis… They can take morning direct sun, but not mid-day or afternoon sun. The plant is annual and perennial. They are perfect for summer hanging baskets. Rhizomes can be cut back. If water collects in the saucer below the pots, empty it immediately. Most houseplant begonias are fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous, but there are some tuberous varieties. Some species of begonia are also used in folkloric medicine. Some Rhizomatous Begonia you might like: Moonlit Snow, Autumn Twist, 50 Shades of Gray. 7 Steps to Take How to Care for a Begonia 1. They are rhizomatous, meaning they typically grow horizontally and with shortened stems. After flowering, prune the plant back. Begonias are monoecious, which means the flowers are unisexual with both male and female flowers blooming separately on the same plant. It can be finicky about water and humidity. Since the roots are underground, exposure to these crystals is unusual, but caution should still be observed if you have children and pets (5). Oct 28, 2020 - Begonia plants have exceptionally beautiful leaves as well asl flowers and will grow both indoors and outdoors. Hiemalis begonias are also known as “Rieger” or “Elatior Rieger” begonias. They do not require a lot of fertilizer. CRC Press. Begonias contain oxalate crystals in their roots and some on the stem. Their leaves can be damaged when exposed to direct sunlight. Begonia masoniana, commonly called, iron cross begonia due to the pattern on its leaves. They bloom annually every midsummer to winter. Your email address will not be published. Remove faded blossoms and withered foliage immediately. Begonia ‘Illumination’ series. Begonia antsiranensis I have a big collection of Begonias and I look forward to exchanging them with other enthusiasts as well as selling them. Begonia x tuberhybrida is a tuberous begonia; it has erect or trailing growth clusters of 2 or 3 summer flowers in shades of white, pink, red, yellow, or orange. These plants are grown almost exclusively … Begonias want soil that is evenly moist, not wet, and not dry. These plants grow best in moist soil, but they are susceptible to root rot with too frequent watering. “A Short review on Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Begonia malabarica Lam.” International Journal of Botany Studies. They also don’t need direct sunlight to grow well and in fact, they should be planted in semi-shade conditions. They are one of the most common ornamental begonias because of their prolific flowering which makes them perfect bedding plants. Todays we will learn how to grow begonia from cuttings and also how to care begonia plant. “The Organic Gardener’s Handbook of Natural Insect and Disease Control: A Complete Problem-Solving Guide to Keeping Your Garden and Yard Healthy Without Chemicals”. (5) Knight A. ‘Bunchii’ has lettuce-like frills and ruffles on leaf edges. Begonia ‘Irene Ness’ has large dark green leaves with drooping clusters of fragrant coral pink flowers; blooms from mid-spring to mid-winter. B.e. Their single, double or ruffled flowers bloom in shades of pink, yellow, … In this regard, it is necessary to choose 1 specific place in the room where the flower will stand all the time. Tuberous begonias are perfect for growing in pots, while fibrous rooted types are best for bedding displays and hanging begonias are best suited to hanging basket displays. Flowers bloom winter through summer. Begonias are terrestrial plants. Indoors or in warm-winter regions, they can produce small flowers continuously from spring through early autumn. Rex begonia plants have calcium oxalate, which is toxic to dogs and cats. Begonia ‘Million Kisses’ series: features plants with a semi-trailing habit and which are ideal for hanging baskets and containers. The American Begonia Society groups begonias according to their growth habit; growth habit often determines care requirements. Begonias grow best in temperatures between 65° and 75°F (18°-24°C). Another distinct feature of begonias is their flowers. Begonias are beautiful, sturdy, and come in a wide variety of colors and types. Rhizomes can grow over the edge of the pot. They are perfect plants for both indoor and outdoor use. Wax begonias are propagated with stem cuttings and leaf cuttings. Rex Begonias, in particular, are fuzzy when it comes to its humidity requirements so make sure to keep air humidity high while making sure not to encourage the growth of powdery mildew (6). These plants are fibrous-rooted. (4) Suresh M. et al. It does not do great in high heat, so direct sunlight is not the best option for this plant. Flowers are small, white to red in color. She is passionate about creating sustainable green spaces in the city and writing about interesting flowering plants of the world. Fibrous-rooted begonias are annual plants that have round and waxy leaves and small flowers. PP 16-17. Horticultural Group Cane-stem begonias are erect, evergreen perennials with fibrous roots and cane-like stems with asymmetrical, strongly toothed leaves, often strikingly marked, and showy flower clusters in spring or summer Details B. maculata is a fibrous-rooted species with erect stems to 1m. Among the more than 1700 species of begonias, three families stand out: the rhizomatous, the fibrous and the tuberous.. 2016. There are different methods of propagating begonias based on their group category. Atlantic Publishing Company. 1(6). Begonia ‘Lucerna’ is a tall, easy-to-grow plant; it produces rose-red flowers in spring and summer. Begonia maculata is also known by other names, Clown, Spotted, or Polka Dot begonia. Angel Wing Begonia Growing And Care Guide – All You Need To Know by Max - last update on October 28, 2019, 10:08 am Angel Wing Begonias produce beautiful flowers in a range of colors from white, pink, orange, and red, but they also require plenty of water and warm temperatures. Prune old canes that have no leaves down to two leaf joints in early spring to stimulate new growth. Rex Begonia Features: An Overview. They bloom with 1-1/2-inch single or double flowers in shades of red, pink, or white. Begonia is one of the largest genera of flowering plants with over 1900 species. Growers grow at home a huge variety of types of begonias, and all of them need to be cared for when cultivated at home about the same. Because of their luscious foliage and spectacular blooms, begonias are now popular among gardeners and homeowners alike. Begonias are especially sensitive to cold temperatures. Do not wet leaves as the plant is susceptible to mildew. Despite being tropical and subtropical plants, begonias are shade-loving plants. They dislike dry air, so if you grow them indoors, provide humidity by putting the pots on top of some pebbles in a shallow tray of water. Stems can arch or droop to 3 feet (.9m) long. Flowers are shades of red, pink, and white. Place the pot on a humidity tray or mist the plant frequently. Plant in wide, shallow pots; plants are shallow-rooted. Like reiger begonias, the tuberous types thrive in cool conditions and tend to sulk in especially hot-summer areas. Allow air to circulate around begonias; this will help prevent mildew and gray mold, two diseases begonias are susceptible to. (7) Wyman D. “Wyman’s Gardening Encyclopedia”. As the name suggests, these begonias have leaves that look like angel wings. This plant can be difficult to grow. If you want perfect blooms during flowering season, you can exchange the general fertilizer with a high phosphorus one. Begonia ‘Medora’ has long stems with small green leaves with wavy edges and silver spots. Flowers are salmon pink. Let’s get started with a quick summary of begonia maculata care. If you are interested feel free to send me an e-mail. A landscape horticulturist by profession, she has been designing, installing, and maintaining various landscapes and gardens for residential and commercial use. Rex Begonia leaves also grow in purple, cream, pink, and silver. The most popular types are are Cane, Rhizomatous and Tuberous Begonias. Learn how your comment data is processed. degree in Agriculture specializing in Ornamental Horticulture. Water only when the top inch (2.4cm) of soil is dry. Most begonias available in garden centers are hybrids between wild types. See more ideas about begonia, plants, flowers. Their leaves are large and asymmetric with various patterns and prominent venation. Begonia ‘Freddie’ has large copper-green leaves that are red on the underside; it has tall sprays of pink flower year-round. Rex Begonia’s are also called looking glass plants. Begonias want bright filtered light. Your email address will not be published. Here are some of the most popular begonia types: These begonias owe their name to their stems which grow tall and woody; the stems have prominent bamboo-like joints. Duea A.W. Begonia: a description of the types and secrets of home care Begonia (lat. Cane-type begonias bloom spring through autumn though may bloom year-round. Keep the air around begonias slightly humid; set pots on a humidity tray. They are particularly used indoors as potted houseplants or outside as container plants, hanging plants, or bedding plants. Leaves are silver-spotted on top and reddish undersides. These plants can bloom at any time of the year. (eds) “Flower Breeding and Genetics”. Begonias can also be propagated directly through seeds. The care requirements are quite similar, but each will have a little difference that you need to be aware of and respect for a successful long term relationship. Flowers can nearly hide the foliage when the plant is in bloom. In: Anderson N.O. 2013. Plants reach about 40-45cm (16-18in) high through into October, and don’t need deadheading. This group includes cane (angel wing) begonias and wax begonias (Begonia × semperflorens-cultorum) (2). There are many types of begonias, with different leaf shapes, colors, and growth habits. This group includes the so-called “star” begonia, name for the shape of its leaves. Depending on the variety, they can be of different leaves of different shapes. Another species, B. cucullate, is reported to have anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, and diuretic properties (3). There are around 1000 species, coming in … There are beautiful flowers with decorative leaves – from the most beautiful leaves in houseplants group. How to Grow Strawberry Begonia — Saxifraga. Amongst the more popular types is Begonia ‘Illumination Orange’, which produces masses of vibrant, dark orange, semi-double flowers on red stems. Begonias are prized for their texture, multicolored foliage, and colorful flowers. 2007. The Royal Begonia(Begonia rex) are unmatched among all types… Aside from their use as ornamental plants, begonias also have food and medicinal value. This beautiful plant is trending now. The leaves are shaped like elephant’s ears and may be smooth or textured. Springer, Dordrecht. All begonias like bright but indirect light, so find a partially shaded spot for your plant. Rex: Rex begonias are entirely their own class of begonia. Begonia, grown at home, needs constant. Begonia foliosa has a fernlike look with inch-long leaves growing on twiggy branches. The flowers have tepals that vary in color depending on the variety. PP 45-46. Many shrublike begonias grow upright and bushy, others are trailing and suitable for hanging baskets. A recent group of hybrids derived from this group is marketed as "Dragonwing" begonias; they are much larger both in leaf and in flower. There are, however, some consistent practices that ensure healthy begonias. Some Fibrous Rooted Begonia you might like: Brandy Cocktail, Vodka Cocktail, Irene Nuss. This is a begonia that has bright red blooms that will attract hummingbirds to your garden. Begonia plants from this group have leaves that vary in size and pattern and grow from rhizomes, hence the name. It is the most striking of all foliage begonias. Begonia rex-cultorum, often called rex begonia, has bold, multicolored leaves. Tuberous begonias are perfect either as bedding or container plants (2). The reason is it is easy to grow and care. Rex begonias are rhizomatous. Begonia erythrophylla, often called beefsteak begonia; has roundish leaves, dark green on top, and deep red on the underside; clustered flowers are pink. Begonia ‘Cleopatra’ is an easy to grow “star begonia.” Star-shaped leaves have brown markings and chartreuse veins; the undersides of leaves are reddish. Tuberous and rhizomatous begonias can be propagated through their tubers and rhizomes. Care of begonia plant outdoor and at home. The parts are used in spread, dips, and salads (3). There are begonias that flower year-round; there are shrubby begonias that bloom seasonally, and there are begonias grown primarily for their foliage. Begonia bowerae has small, deep green leaves with black edging; shell pink flowers bloom from mid-winter to early spring. Tuberous begonias come in two forms, either upright or trailing, and have green or burgundy leaves. Make this begonia the focal point of your flowering containers. They can be a focal point when planted in mass and are excellent specimens for container combinations. This type of begonia is probably the most widely grown begonia and in some parts of the country is called "wax type" because of the waxy look to the leaves. (2) Ellis B.W. Prune old canes that have no leaves down to two leaf joints in early spring to stimulate new growth. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Most variegated plants have white markings on green leaves, but the Charm variety of begonia has vivid yellow splotches on bright green leaves, giving it a psychedelic effect. “A Guide to Poisonous House and Garden Plants”. A mixture of peat with a small amount of gardening soil and perlite would be perfect for begonias. Plants can tolerate direct light in winter. This type is also known as bedding or wax begonias. Hazelle Cabugao has a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Cane-type begonias grow erect on multiple stems and can grow to 5 feet (1.5m) tall. The name “Begonia” was given by a Franciscan Monk who named it after Michel Begon, a former governor of Haiti (1). Begonia maculata, or Polka Dot begonia as it’s often called, is a splashy show-stopper that looks fantastic with it’s olive green leaves and contrasting spots. Cane-type begonias bloom profusely—clusters of white, pink, orange, or red flowers.
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